Question: What Did Migrant Workers Do During The Great Depression?

What did migrant workers?

The term “migrant farmworker” includes people working temporarily or seasonally in farm fields, orchards, canneries, plant nurseries, fish/seafood packing plants, and more.

Guest workers who temporarily live in the US through the federal H2A program to work on farms are also migrant farmworkers..

Where were migrant workers moving to during the Great Depression?

Many families left farm fields to move to Los Angeles or the San Francisco Bay area, where they found work in shipyards and aircraft factories that were gearing up to supply the war effort. By 1950, only about 25 percent of the original Dust Bowl migrants were still working the fields.

Did migrant workers have any options for a better life?

Did migrant workers have any options for a better life? -Yes, but no. They could have been something great if they chose to, but that would have taken a lot of effort. They also were not that educated, so there were not many other options for them.

How was life for migrant workers in the 1930s?

The working hours were long, and many children worked in the fields with their parents. Working conditions were often unsafe and unsanitary. Migrant workers had to follow the harvest of different crops, so they had to continue to pack up and move throughout California to find work.

What was a good salary in 1930?

The average income was $1,368, and the average unemployment rate in the 1930s was 18.26 percent, up from the average of 5.2 percent in the 1920s.

Why were farmers hit so badly during the Depression?

When prices fell they tried to produce even more to pay their debts, taxes and living expenses. In the early 1930s prices dropped so low that many farmers went bankrupt and lost their farms. … Some farmers became angry and wanted the government to step in to keep farm families in their homes.

What made the photo of the migrant mother so powerful?

The image of a worried but resilient mother was so powerful that it prompted the government to send 20,000 pounds of food to relieve starvation in a migrant worker camp. It may have also helped inspire John Steinbeck’s literary classic The Grapes of Wrath.

What were migrant workers called during the Great Depression?

Photo by Robert Hemmig. Although the Dust Bowl included many Great Plains states, the migrants were generically known as “Okies,” referring to the approximately 20 percent who were from Oklahoma.

What were typical salaries for migrant workers in the 1930s?

As a result, wages throughout the nation fell during the Depression. Migrant workers in California who had been making 35 cents per hour in 1928 made only 14 cents per hour in 1933. Sugar beet workers in Colorado saw their wages decrease from $27 an acre in 1930 to $12.37 an acre three years later.

What led to Hoovervilles popping up all over America?

As the Depression worsened and millions of urban and rural families lost their jobs and depleted their savings, they also lost their homes. Desperate for shelter, homeless citizens built shantytowns in and around cities across the nation. These camps came to be called Hoovervilles, after the president.

What was a good wage in 1934?

The average income was $1,368, and the average unemployment rate in the 1930s was 18.26 percent, up from the average of 5.2 percent in the 1920s. What was the average wage in 1933?…What was an average salary in 1934?WagesWage-earnersAverage wages1934338,9538371933299,1097851932301,308852Mar 2, 2020

Why do migrant workers move around so much?

Why do migrant workers move around so much? They prefer not to have permanent homes. Corporations forbid them from settling down permanently. They pay lower tax rates if they move around a lot.

What hardships did migrants face during the Depression?

Along with the job crisis and food shortages that affected all U.S. workers, Mexicans and Mexican Americans had to face an additional threat: deportation. As unemployment swept the U.S., hostility to immigrant workers grew, and the government began a program of repatriating immigrants to Mexico.

Are migrant workers still around today?

An estimated 14 million foreign workers live in the United States, which draws most of its immigrants from Mexico, including 4 or 5 million undocumented workers. It is estimated that around 5 million foreign workers live in Northwestern Europe, half a million in Japan, and around 5 million in Saudi Arabia.

Is Curley’s wife to blame for Lennie’s death?

Curley’s wife is not responsible for Lennie’s death because she was just lonely and trying to talk to him. Curley’s wife is manipulative.

How did the Great Depression affect migrant workers?

How did the Great Depression effect the migrant worker? Many Mexican American migrant workers were falsely deported because they were not viewed as “real” Americans. Migrant workers were subjected to harsher working conditions and lower wages because people were desperate for work. Workers were replaceable.

What problems did migrant workers face?

Despite the beneficial effects of international labour migration, migrant workers face many challenges including modern slavery, discrimination, contract violations, abuse and exploitation, and unsafe working conditions, which are often dirty, demeaning, and dangerous.

What was minimum wage in 1930?

$0.25/hourIn the depths of the 1930s depression, both unemployed and union workers mobilized to successfully support the passage of the Fair Labor Standards Act, which established the first national minimum wage at $0.25/hour (equivalent to $4.31/hour in 2017 dollars).

Why did George kill Lennie?

George killed lennie, because he did not want lennie to suffer at the hands of curley. Curley said that he would shoot him, if he found him. So George did not want lennie to suffer that way. … He made sure that Lennie had no pain, he told lennie to think of the land and the rabbit.