What Is An Elected Council Member In Sparta’S Government?

Who held the most power in Spartan society?

Who held the most power in Spartan society.

Men over 60 with citizenship, elected to the council of elders, held the greatest power..

What were the 3 social classes in Sparta?

The population of Sparta consisted of three main groups: the Spartans, or Spartiates, who were full citizens; the Helots, or serfs/slaves; and the Perioeci, who were neither slaves nor citizens.

What is the difference between Spartans and Athenians?

The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. … Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state.

What is an elected council member in Sparta’s government called?

ephor. an elected council member in Sparta’s government. direct democracy.

What government did the Spartans have?

MonarchyAristocracyDiarchyRepublicSparta/GovernmentSpartan political system was a combination of monarchy (kings), oligarchy (Gerousia) and democracy (ephoroi, ephors). Oligarchy– Sparta always had two kings, the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families (probably the two gens had great merits in the conquest of Laconia).

Which social class was most important to Sparta?

Sparta had a highly unusual system of government. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member ‘council of elders’ limited their powers. These men were recruited from the highest social class, the aristocratic Spartiates.

Did Rome ever fight Sparta?

The Romans did fight against Spartans— but it was long after the glory days. The Romans won an embarrassingly easy victory over Nabis , the last Spartan king, in 192BC, but most of the troops they defeated were mercenaries. The Sparta that the Romans defeated was almost a parody of its former self.

Why was Sparta called an oligarchy?

Sparta was called an oligarchy because the real power was in the hands of a few people. The important decisions were made by the council of elders. Council members had to be at least 60 and wealthy.

What is Sparta called today?

Modern day Sparta, the capital of the prefecture of Lakonia, lies on the eastern foothills of Mount Taygetos in the Evrotas River valley. The city has been built upon the site of ancient Sparta, whose Acropolis lies north of the modern city.

Why did Sparta have 2 Kings?

Sparta was an oligarchy. The state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families, both supposedly descendants of Heracles and equal in authority, so that one could not act against the power and political enactments of his colleague.

What is the hierarchy of Sparta?

The society of Ancient Sparta was divided into three main classes. At the top of society were Spartiate. Following the Spartiate were the perioeci and at the bottom, were the helots. … Underneath the Spartiate were the perioeci. The perioeci were foreigners that divided the Spartiate and helots.

Did the Spartans really discard babies?

The ancient historian Plutarch claimed these “ill-born” Spartan babies were tossed into a chasm at the foot of Mount Taygetus, but most historians now dismiss this as a myth. If a Spartan baby was judged to be unfit for its future duty as a soldier, it was most likely abandoned on a nearby hillside.

What made the Spartans so powerful?

During the 5th century BC Sparta was very powerful. This was due to her army, which was feared by other Greeks. Sparta focused on producing good soldiers and all Spartan male citizens were part of the army. The Spartan army played an important role in the Greek victory over the Persians, in 480-479 BC.

Was the Spartan government a strict oligarchy?

Sparta did not experience the same changes in government that Athens and other citystates experienced. Sparta remained a military oligarchy while other citystates shifted to tyrannies and democracies. A military oligarchy is a government in which the military exercises control over the people.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

Sparta did not want to create a major rival and for this reason they left Athens to counter any Theban expansion in the region. … Finally, by refusing to destroy their former enemy, as their “allies” demanded, the Spartans made it clear on who “really is in charge” in Greece.

When did Sparta become an oligarchy?

Sparta’s defeat by Thebes in the Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE ended Sparta’s prominent role in Greece, but it maintained its political independence until the Roman conquest of Greece in 146 BCE. Sparta functioned under an oligarchy of two hereditary kings.

What was a council of elders called?

forwarded by the ephors or gerousia (council of elders).

What made Sparta unique?

Ancient Sparta was the home of the Spartan warriors, famed for their fearless spirit and resolute self-discipline. Spartan society was unique in ancient Greece. It was isolated and inspired by war and represented a paradox of equality and enslavement.